Russian Bear Dog Is the Giant of the Dog World

The Russian Bear Dog is one of the biggest and strongest dog breeds in the world. This powerful breed was originally bred as a working dog for hunting big game, but today, they are popular family pets. These dogs are enormous, weighing up to 140 pounds, and have a muscular build. They are also very intelligent and train well. They are very protective of their families, and if a stranger tries to get close to your home, these dogs will let you know!

Breed Introduction

Russian Bear Dogs are a breed used to protect animals. They’ve been developed to protect sheep, goats, and cattle from predators like wolves and bears. With the exception of their owners, this was a solitary task. With its thick coats, the Caucasian Shepherd can withstand even the worst of winter conditions. These are some of the strongest canines on the planet. As a result, the character’s personality resembles their job title. They are very protective of their families, and if a stranger tries to get close to your home, these dogs will let you know!

Breed History

The Caucasian Orchavka was the original name for the Russian Bear Dog. The Caucuses are a mountainous area with wide hilly plains. Orchavka is a Russian word that translates as’shepherd dog.’ And Caucasian refers to the breed’s origins.

Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia each have caucus areas. According to the AKC breed standard, this dog originated in Russia. As a result, the name. However, it is not restricted to this nation. The breed is widespread in the Caucasus. As a result, it is arguably even more inextricably tied to nations like as Georgia and Armenia.

This breed of dog has just lately gained widespread recognition in the western world. It was initially documented in 1996 in the AKC’s foundation stock service. Nonetheless, the Russian Bear Dog is rapidly gaining popularity in the West.


Caucasian shepherd dogs have a close attachment with their owners, are robust, and have an even temperament. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a colossal-sized breed, ranging between 99 and 170 pounds and towering between 23 and 30 inches tall. These dogs are recognized by their powerful, rugged, and muscular molosser-type bodies, which are wrapped in a thick, heavy coat that enables them to resist the harsh weather conditions found in the highlands. They come in a variety of hues, including light brown, tan, grey, cream, and black.


Naturally reserved and suspicious of outsiders, the self-assured Russian Bear Dog is an unflinching guardian. He is composed and committed to his family, with an endearing attitude.

In contrast to designer dogs, who flourish in urban environments, these guardians thrive in rural households with a safe yard to play in. When fully developed, Russian Bear Dogs have historically roamed homes and territories, making them ideal strolling or trekking companions.

They are quite low energy after their daily walks, which means they will easily fit in with your daily errand running.

Although these formidable guards are not renowned for excessive barking, they will notify owners to any possible threats. They are not amenable to strangers in their house, which means that introducing new individuals takes time and tolerance.

Owners should have in mind their history of defending flocks and herds against perceived dangers, which were frequently other animals.

If properly socialized as puppies, these dogs may accept other pets in the home, but this requires a skilled owner.

Caucasian Shepherds are vigilant, clever, and self-sufficient. Not recommended for first-time dog owners or those with limited knowledge of canine behavior. These beautiful bears haven’t forgotten how they used to spend hours patrolling alone.

They can be difficult to train, but with time and patience, all is possible. Socialization from an early age is critical if you want him to accept others who are not members of your family.


The Russian Bear Dog’s lengthy, double coat can make grooming difficult.

The frequency with which you must groom them will vary according to the length of their fur and the season. All dogs will require more frequent grooming in the spring. This is the time of year when they lose their bulky winter coats.

If your Caucasian Ovcharka has shorter fur, you may be able to brush them only twice or three times a week for the remainder of the year. If your dog’s fur is longer, you may need to brush them every day.

It’s ideal to take your dog to a groomer on a regular basis if you don’t have time to brush them at home. Bear in mind, this breed should never be shaved.

They wear two coats for a purpose. It helps keep them cool in the summer and warm in the winter, but shaving it removes these benefits.

If your Russian Bear Dog’s coat becomes tangled, it is critical to disentangle it immediately. What may appear to be a little tangle today might develop into a massive mat of hair in a matter of weeks, which may be hard to remove.


Russian bear dogs are usually healthy, with the exception of a few occurrences of hip or elbow dysplasia. Russian bear dogs have a 12-year life expectancy.

Due to the fact that they are unquestionably medically fit, they have been assigned to challenging field work. While adopting a Russian bear dog, health is undoubtedly a factor to consider.

Locate a breeder that is willing to supply you with the puppy’s entire medical history, as well as all medical records. They do not require excessive exercise due to their modest activity level, but a daily stroll would suffice. It is critical to carefully examine the parents of the newborn dog for illness.


Given the size and proclivity for obesity of Russian Bear dogs, it is critical to provide them with a natural, high-quality, nutrient-dense diet. Russian Bears require a diet strong in protein, vitamins, and minerals to create and maintain lean muscle.

Here is a list of key foods that you should feed your Russian Bear Dog: 

1. Raw meat: A balanced diet that includes raw meat helps to keep your Russian Bear Dog healthy and energetic. Cooked meats can contain harmful ingredients that can upset their stomach or cause other health problems.

2. Fresh fruits and vegetables: Along with raw meat, a healthy diet also includes fresh fruits and vegetables. These items provide your dog with essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that help keep them healthy physically and mentally.


Russian Bear Dog training is an intensive and rigorous process that requires a lot of time, patience, and dedication. If you’re looking to train your Russian Bear Dog puppy or adult dog the correct way, then you’ll need to follow a specific training regimen that was specifically designed for this breed.

First and foremost, Russian Bear Dogs require a LOT of exercise. They’re bred as working dogs and need to be kept physically active so they don’t get destructive or lazy. A good rule of thumb is that your RBD should be getting at least one hour of vigorous play each day. This can include playing “fetch” with a ball, chasing a stick or Frisbee, or digging in dirt or sand.

Another important part of Russian Bear Dog training is obedience training. This breed was originally bred as livestock guardians and should be trained accordingly.


In conclusion, the Russian Bear Dog is an interesting breed that is not well known in the United States. They are loyal, protective, and make great family pets. They need a lot of exercise and can be aggressive with other animals, so proper training and socialization is important. If you are interested in owning a Russian Bear Dog, be sure to do your research and find a reputable breeder.

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